Saturday, March 30, 2013

Jeffrey Lewis ? Writing on the Wall

You know who tries to deter cyber-attacks with nuclear weapons? ?North Korea, that?s who.

North Korea released a statement that Kim Jong Il had ?ratified the plan of the Strategic Rocket Force for firepower strike? against ?the U.S. mainland, their stronghold, their military bases in the operational theaters in the Pacific, including Hawaii and Guam??

Eagle-eyed observers noted the white chart that showed various targets. ?If you squint a bit, you can make them out. ?Three are pretty obvious:

(1)?Washington, DC. ?Ok, we knew that.

(2) Hawaii. ?The statement said so and, well, Hawaii is home to PACOM.

(3) I make the target in Southern California to be San Diego, which happens to be the principal homeport of the Pacific Fleet and a pretty big military town.

Now, what is the fourth target?

I think that is San Antonio, Texas. ?I guess the Spurs should have been nicer to Dennis Rodman.

San Antonio is also known?known as?Cyber City, USA?? home to?Lackland Air Force Base?and?Air Force Cyber Command.

The North Koreans have recently been complaining about cyberattacks against their networks. ?(Rodong Sinmun?and KCNA both seem to have been offline for recent periods.) ?On March 15, KCNA carried a statement stating that ?intensive and persistent virus attacks are being made every day on internet servers operated by the DPRK,? asserting the attacks are ?timed to coincide with the madcap Key Resolve joint military exercises being staged by the U.S. and other hostile forces,? and warning that North Korea ?will never remain a passive onlooker to the enemies? cyber attacks??

A few observations.

First, I think it is very interesting that San Antonio makes the top four, but not Omaha. ?I suppose this should tell us that Kim Jong Un is very, very unhappy about not being able to read Rodong Sinmun on his smart phone.

Second, some of my colleagues have argued that the display of the wall chart is for domestic consumption. ?I would submit the North Koreans are speaking to both domestic and US audiences, given that the San Antonio reference will be lost on 99.9 percent of North Koreans.

Third, the threats appear aspirational in that the ranges may exceed North Korea?s actual missile capabilities. Generally, I am of the view that North Korea does not yet have the ability to reliably deliver a nuclear weapon to the United States although there are important cautions. ?North Korea might be sitting on a much larger?missile, might be able to jerry-rig Unha rockets, or might be deploying KN-08?missiles without flight-testing them. None of these options strikes me as terribly reliable and each has serious operational limitations. And San Antonio is very, very far from North Korea ? more than 11,000 kilometers.

But, in a pinch, North Korea might decide that such missiles,?though a bit backward in performance, would still be better than fighting a war with just millet and rifles. ?I think someone maybe said something like that once.


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Researchers show stem cell fate depends on 'grip'

Friday, March 29, 2013

The field of regenerative medicine holds great promise, propelled by greater understanding of how stem cells differentiate themselves into many of the body's different cell types. But clinical applications in the field have been slow to materialize, partially owing to difficulties in replicating the conditions these cells naturally experience.

A team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania has generated new insight on how a stem cell's environment influences what type of cell a stem cell will become. They have shown that whether human mesenchymal stem cells turn into fat or bone cells depends partially on how well they can "grip" the material they are growing in.

The research was conducted by graduate student Sudhir Khetan and associate professor Jason Burdick, along with professor Christopher Chen, all of the School of Engineering and Applied Science's Department of Bioengineering. Others involved in the study include Murat Guvendiren, Wesley Legant and Daniel Cohen.

Their study was published in the journal Nature Materials.

Much research has been done on how stem cells grow on two-dimensional substrates, but comparatively little work has been done in three dimensions. Three-dimensional environments, or matrices, for stems cells have mostly been treated as simple scaffolding, rather than as a signal that influences the cells' development.

Burdick and his colleagues were interested in how these three-dimensional matrices impact mechanotransduction, which is how the cell takes information about its physical environment and translates that to chemical signaling.

"We're trying to understand how material signals can dictate stem cell response," Burdick said. "Rather than considering the material as an inert structure, it's really guiding stem cell fate and differentiation ? what kind of cells they will turn into."

The mesenchymal stem cells the researchers studied are found in bone marrow and can develop into several cell types: osteoblasts, which are found in bone; chondrocytes, which are found in cartilage; and adipocytes, which are found in fat.

The researchers cultured them in water-swollen polymer networks known as hydrogels, which share some similarities with the environments stem cells naturally grow in. These materials are generally soft and flexible ? contact lenses, for example, are a type of hydrogel ? but can vary in density and stiffness depending on the type and quantity of the bonds between the polymers. In this case, the researchers used covalently cross-linked gels, which contain irreversible chemical bonds.

When seeded on top of two-dimensional covalently cross-linked gels, mesenchymal stem cells spread and pulled on the material differently depending on how stiff it was. Critically, the mechanics guide cell fate, or the type of cells they differentiate it into. A softer environment would produce more fat-like cells and a stiffer environment, where the cells can pull on the gel harder, would produce more bone-like cells.

However, when the researchers put mesenchymal stem cells inside three-dimensional hydrogels of varying stiffness, they didn't see these kinds of changes.

"In most covalently cross-linked gels, the cells can't spread into the matrix because they can't degrade the bonds ? they all become fat cells," Burdick said. "That tells us that in 3D covalent gels the cells don't translate the mechanical information the same way they do in a 2D system."

To test this, the researchers changed the chemistry of their hydrogels so that the polymer chains were connected by a peptide that the cells could naturally degrade. They hypothesized that, as the cells spread, they would be able to get a better grip on their surrounding environment and thus be more likely to turn into bone-like cells.

In order to determine how well the cells were pulling on their environment, the researchers used a technique developed by Chen's lab called 3D traction force microscopy. This technique involves seeding the gel with microscopic beads, then tracking their location before and after a cell is removed.

"Because the gel is elastic and will relax back into its original position when you remove the cells," Chen said, "you can quantify how much the cells are pulling on the gel based on how much and which way it springs back after the cell is removed."

The results showed that the stem cells' differentiation into bone-like cells was aided by their ability to better anchor themselves into the growth environment.

"With our original experiment, we observed that the cells essentially didn't pull on the gel. They adhered to it and were viable, but we did not see bead displacement. They couldn't get a grip," Burdick said. "When we put the cells into a gel where they could degrade the bonds, we saw them spread into the matrix and deform it, displacing the beads."

As an additional test, the researchers synthesized another hydrogel. This one had the same covalent bonds that the stem cells could naturally degrade and spread through but also another type of bond that could form when exposed to light. They let the stem cells spread as before, but at the point the cells would begin to differentiate ? about a week after they were first encapsulated ? the researchers further "set" the gel by exposing it to light, forming new bonds the cells couldn't degrade.

"When we introduced these cross-links so they could no longer degrade the matrix, we saw an increase toward fat-like cells, even after letting them spread," Burdick said. "This further supports the idea that continuous degradation is needed for the cells to sense the material properties of their environment and transduce that into differentiation signals."

Burdick and his colleagues see these results as helping develop a better fundamental understanding of how to engineer tissues using stem cells.

"This is a model system for showing how the microenvironment can influence the fate of the cells," Burdick said.


University of Pennsylvania:

Thanks to University of Pennsylvania for this article.

This press release was posted to serve as a topic for discussion. Please comment below. We try our best to only post press releases that are associated with peer reviewed scientific literature. Critical discussions of the research are appreciated. If you need help finding a link to the original article, please contact us on twitter or via e-mail.

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Bombs kill 17 in five Iraqi Shi'ite mosques

BAGHDAD (Reuters) - Car bombs hit four Shi'ite mosques in the Iraqi capital Baghdad and another in Kirkuk just after prayers on Friday, tearing into crowds of worshippers and killing 17, police and witnesses said.

Sunni Islamists linked to al Qaeda's Iraqi wing have stepped up attacks this year and often target Shi'ite sites in a growing sectarian confrontation a decade after the U.S.-led invasion.

Police said blasts hit Shi'ite mosques in southeastern and northern Baghdad and another in Kirkuk, the ethnically mixed city of Arabs, Kurds and Turkman 170 km (100 miles) north of the capital.

"We were listening to the cleric's speech when we heard a very strong explosion. Glass scattered everywhere and the roof partially collapsed," said Mohammed, a victim wounded in the Kirkuk blast, his shirt still covered in blood.

Attacks in Iraq are still below the worst Sunni-Shi'ite slaughter that erupted at the height of the war when insurgents bombed the Shi'ite al-Askari shrine in Samarra in 2006, provoking a wave of retaliation by militias.

But security officials say al Qaeda's wing, Islamic State of Iraq, is regrouping in the desert of western Iraq, invigorated by the war and flow of Islamist fighters battling against President Bashar al-Assad in neighboring Syria.

(Reporting by Omar Mohammed and Baghdad newsroom; Writing by Patrick Markey; Editing by Angus MacSwan)


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Obama pitches public works spending to create jobs

MIAMI (AP) ? Trying to show that the economy remains a top priority, President Barack Obama promoted a plan Friday to create construction and other jobs by attracting private money to help rebuild roads, bridges and other public works projects.

Obama fleshed out the details during a visit to a Miami port that's undergoing $2 billion in upgrades paid for with government and private dollars. The quick trip was designed to show that the economy and unemployment are top priorities for a president who also is waging high-profile campaigns on immigration reform and gun control.

Obama said the unemployment rate among construction workers was the highest of any industry, despite being cut nearly in half over the past three years.

"There are few more important things we can do to create jobs right now and strengthen our economy over the long haul than rebuilding the infrastructure that powers our businesses and economy," Obama said. "As president, my top priority is to make sure we are doing everything we can to reignite the true engine of our economic growth ? and that is a rising, thriving middle class."

Among the proposals Obama called for, which require approval from Congress, are:

?$4 billion in new spending on two infrastructure programs that award loans and grants.

?Higher caps on "private activity bonds" to encourage more private spending on highways and other infrastructure projects. State and local governments use the bonds to attract investment.

?Giving foreign pension funds tax-exempt status when selling U.S. infrastructure, property or real estate assets. U.S. pension funds are generally tax exempt in those circumstances. The administration says some international pension funds cite the tax burden as a reason for not investing in American infrastructure.

?A renewed call for a $10 billion national "infrastructure bank."

Arriving at the expansive port in Miami, Obama stood inside a double-barreled, concrete-laced hole in the ground, touring a tunnel project that will connect the port to area highways. The project has received loans and grants under the programs Obama touted and is expected to open next summer.

The president made private-sector infrastructure investment a key part of the economic agenda he rolled out in his State of the Union address last month. In the speech, he also called for a "Fix-It-First" program that would spend $40 billion in taxpayer funds on urgent repairs.

Congressional approval is not a sure bet, considering that House Republicans have shown little appetite for Obama's spending proposals. In fact, the infrastructure bank is an idea Obama called for many times in the past, but it gained little traction during his first term.

Obama's focus on generating more private-sector investment underscores the tough road new spending faces on Capitol Hill, where Republican lawmakers often threaten to block new spending unless it's paid for by cutting taxes or other spending. "These are projects that are helpful to the economy and shouldn't break down on partisan lines," said White House spokesman Josh Earnest.

But Florida Republicans, including Gov. Rick Scott, faulted Obama for being "late to the party." Before Obama arrived in Florida, Scott argued that state taxpayers have had to pick up too much of the tab for this and other port projects because the president was slow to support them.

Alan Krueger, chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, told reporters traveling with Obama that the initiatives discussed Friday will cost $21 billion, not including the $40 billion for "Fix-It-First." Krueger said any increased spending associated with the proposals would not add to the deficit.

Krueger said details of how the programs would be paid for would be included in the budget Obama is scheduled to release on April 10.


AP White House Correspondent Julie Pace in Washington contributed to this report.


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Bankruptcy Alternatives 03/28 by Guide to Financial Peace | Blog ...

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    MashUp Radio with Peter Biddle celebrates National Reading Month by exploring tablet apps that are encouraging children to explore their world through reading.

  • Jay Ackroyd evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist Robert L. Trivers, discuss The Folly of Fools, lying and self deception.

  • Kate Hennessy welcomes guest Neil Crone, well known actor and author, with his latest book "Who Farted"!

  • Join Where Is My Guru as we welcome author of Dharma Punx and Against The Stream, is a Buddhist teacher, author and counselor Noah Levine.

  • Fan Junkies Radio takes a look at the best sports movies ever made. Does Rocky take the title as being the most inspirational?

  • Join host Richard Diaz and longtime friend, Johnny G as they speak about fitness, motivation, and training concepts.

  • ?The Small Biz Lady? Melinda Emerson joins Smart Companies Radio to talk to us about how she built a national reputation using social media.

  • In The Global Snowstorm on SnowbizNow, Nicholas Snow facilitates a discussion about the dramatic progress sweeping the USA for full Marriage Equality.

  • Spring-loaded DIY with guests Anthony Carrino and John Colaneri from HGTV's Kitchen Cousins and Cousins on Call join My Fix It Up Life.

  • Radio PFO tiene lo ?ltimo en informaci?n sobre viajes y camping en Baja California, el Sur de California y otros lugares.

  • Dawin Is a young artist that just released his new R&B song Never Be You. Take 2 Radio Music chats with Dawin to discuss his career & upcoming projects.

  • Screaming at the Radio welcomes you to join the interview with Financial Expert and Author L. Todd Wood on the current banking Crisis in Cyprus.

  • EZ Way Broadcasting's EZ Talk Show produced and hosted by @ericzuley brings you Kenton Duty actor on Disney channels show "Shake It Up".

  • Director P.J. Hogan joins host Robin Milling to discuss his film Mental. Laughter is the best medicine when you come from crazy.

  • Robin Mattson is known for her role of Heather Webber on the ABC Daytime drama, General Hospital. She chats with Behind the Mic Radio about her character.

  • Author of The Secret Life of Bees, Sue Monk Kidd and Ann Kidd Taylor join World Footprints to talk about their new book, Traveling with Pomegranates.

  • Sherry Fiester discussing her book "Enemy of the Truth" which debunks the prevailing myths surrounding the assassination of JFK, with forensic truths.

  • This week on the BIG show, host Tim Gordon visits with the talented cast from the upcoming action thriller, Olympus Has Fallen.

  • H.P. Mallory, NY Times and USA Today bestselling author of the Jolie Wilkins and Dulcie O'Neil series, will be discussing her new Lily Harper series.

  • VividLife Radio?s Edie Weinstein welcomes new generation leaders Ryan and Riley, to discuss Living The Life You Love.

  • Demetry Cagle, a 17 year old a Hip-Hop rapper chats with Jammin Jukebox Radio Show about his newfound success & upcoming music.

  • Join the Paranormal Research Society as they talk to psychic medium Kristy Robinett about psychic detectives. Find out how law enforcement works with psychics.

  • English writer and historian Albert Jack became a publishing phenomenon in 2004 when his first book Red Herrings and White Elephants.

  • Dr. Ramani,a clinical psychologist and Professor is masterful at taking all things psychological and making them fun and easy for a variety of audiences.

  • Robin Hibbard, originally on Real World San Diego, will discuss everything from her challenge experience, to the very last challenge, Battle of the Seasons.

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    Friday, March 29, 2013

    Soaring Bee Deaths in 2012 Sound Alarm on Malady

    [unable to retrieve full-text content]A mysterious ailment appears to have expanded drastically in the past year, wiping out as many as half of the hives needed to pollinate much of America?s produce.


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    Weekly Radar-?Slow panic? feared on Cyprus as central banks meet ...


    Given the sound and fury of the past fortnight, it?s hard not to conclude that the messiness of the eventual Cyprus bailout is another inflection point in the whole euro crisis. For most observers, including Mr Dijsselbloem it seems, it ups the ante again on several fronts ? 1) possible bank contagion via nervy senior creditors and depositors fearful of bail-ins at the region?s weakest institutions; 2) an unwelcome rise in the cost of borrowing for European banks who remain far more levered than US peers and are already grinding down balance sheets to the detriment of the hobbled European economy; and 3) likely heavy economic and social pressures in Cyprus going forward that, like Greece, increase euro exit risk to some degree. Add reasonable concerns about the credibility and coherence of euro policymaking during this latest episode and a side-order of German/Dutch ?orthodoxy? in sharp relief and it all looks a bit rum again.

    Yet the reaction of world markets has been relatively calm so far. Wall St is still stalking record highs through it all for example as signs of the ongoing US recovery mount. So what gives? Today?s price action was interesting in that it started to show investors discriminating against European assets per se ? most visible in the inability of European stocks to follow Wall St higher and lunge lower in euro/dollar exchange rate. European bank stocks and bonds have been knocked back relatively sharply this week post-Dijsselbloem too. If this decoupling pattern were to continue, it will remain a story of the size of the economic hit and relative underperformance. But that would change if concerns morphed into euro exit and broader systemic fears and prepare for global markets at large to feel the heat again too. We?re not back there yet with the benefit of the doubt on OMTs and pressured policy reactions still largely conceded. But many of the underlying movements that might feed system-wide stresses ? what some term a ?slow panic? like deposit shifts etc ? will be impossible to monitor systematically by investors for many weeks yet and so nervy times are ahead as we enter Q2 after the Easter break.

    Cyprus and European banks aside, next week will be about the US employment report and three of the Big Four central banks meeting Thurs. Will the ECB respond to the banking sector and consumer sentiment threats and ease rates or monetary conditions? It has plenty of real sector and inflation evidence already that Q1 underwhelmed in euro. The BoJ meeting will be as important with new governor Haruhiko Kuroda at the helm for the first time amid intense interest in how he will pursue the bank?s new aggressive reflation mandate.

    Next week?s big events and data points:

    Kenya Supreme Court rules on election outcome Sat

    US/China March final manufacturing PMI Mon

    Australia rate decision Tues

    European March final manufacturing PMI Tues

    EZ/Italy Feb jobless Tues

    UK Feb mortgage and credit data Tues

    German March CPI Tues

    Thailand rate decision Weds

    US ADP jobs/March final services PMIs Weds

    European March final services PMIs Thurs

    Spain/France government bond auction Thurs

    ECB/BOJ/BOE decisions/pressers Thurs

    EZ Feb retail sales Fri

    US March employment report Fri



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    Budget Travel: Save by Being Flexible

    There is a new Website that promises to save you up to 40 per cent on air fare and other travel, provided that you are flexible. No, not in a yoga sense, but in terms of your destination. Get Going ( requires that you sign up to use their service, and then choose a particular theme for a trip or at least two destinations.
    The theory is that business travellers need to go to a particular place, so by being flexible on destination you prove that you are a leisure traveller. Airlines try to make business travellers pay big money and are more willing to give leisure voyagers a break, at least in theory.
    I was not willing to sign up for still more email by providing my address, but according to the airline savings are no better than you can score with other travel sites, at least for the destinations and times that writer checked. However, he was intrigued by the option of exploring different theme trips and letting the site choose for you.
    If you are adventurous and not averse to signing up, this site could be worth a look.


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    Defense attorneys: Theater massacre suspect James Holmes would plead guilty to spare his life

    By Jeff Black, Staff Writer, NBC News

    Lawyers for James Holmes -- accused in a shooting rampage that killed 12 at a "Batman" movie in Colorado -- have offered to enter a guilty plea and have their client spend the rest of his life in prison in exchange for avoiding the death penalty.

    Prosecutors have not yet accepted the plea deal. They were expected to announce April 1 whether they would seek the death penalty.

    Holmes, who appeared in court with dark hair and beard, has been charged with murdering 12 people during a mass shooting in a Denver-area movie theater during a showing of "The Dark Knight Rises." The former neuroscience student was told he could change his plea to guilty by reason of insanity at a later date. NBC's Brian Williams reports.

    Rob McCallum, a spokesman for Colorado courts, confirmed the public defender's filing of the plea deal on Wednesday.

    At his arraignment on March 12, defense attorneys declined to enter a plea for Holmes.

    Instead, a judge entered a plea of not guilty, opening the door for attorneys to mount an insanity defense.

    Earlier, Circuit Court Judge William Sylvester ruled that Holmes would have to waive medical confidentiality, turn over medical reports, and agree to be drugged for a psychiatric exam if he wanted to plead not guilty by reason of insanity.

    Defense lawyers claimed in court documents that Holmes was hospitalized for several days after the shooting and required restraints.

    Holmes, 25, is accused of 166 felony counts of murder, attempted murder and other felonies in the July 20 shootings at the crowded midnight screening of ?The Dark Knight Rises? in Aurora, Colo. ?In addition to the 12 people killed, 70 others were wounded.

    Prosecutors say that Holmes planned the attack for months, time in which he cased the theater complex and compiled a small arsenal of weapons. The former graduate student put on a police-style helmet and body armor, tossed a gas canister into the theater crowd and started shooting, prosecutors said.

    His defense lawyers had hinted at an insanity defense, NBC station KUSA reported, but had given no definitive indication of how they would plead in the case.

    If Holmes does change his plea, his attorneys would need to ask the judge for a hearing.

    ?A trial date was set for Aug. 12.

    Related:?Judge enters plea of not guilty for accused Colorado movie gunman, sets August trial

    This story was originally published on


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    An In-Depth Look at the Mysterious Information Superhighway Care of 1995

    In 1995 episode of Computer Chronicles, Stewart Cheifet greets us from inside one of those fancy new cyber caf?s you've undoubtedly been hearing so much about, asking "Who says online users are a bunch of antisocial geeks?" And a whole eighteen years later we can still pretty much respond with "Everyone, Stewart. Everyone does." More »


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    Thursday, March 28, 2013

    Existing iPhone 5 handsets cannot have AWS support enabled, but Apple is shipping the new A1428 carrier-unlocked on April 12th

    Existing iPhone 5 handsets cannot have AWS support enabled, but Apple's shipping the new A1428 carrierunlocked on April 12th

    Starting April 12th, Apple retail shops as well as Apple's online store will begin selling the new and gently tweaked A1428 model of the iPhone 5. For those paying attention, that's the same model number as AT&T sells today, but Apple's enabling support of the AWS bands from the factory on the new guy -- and sadly, Apple affirmed to us that it's not something that can be enabled via a simple software update for A1428 iPhone units already in circulation. To say that another way, existing iPhone 5 owners on AT&T cannot simply apply a software patch to have AWS support added. You'll need to buy a new phone next month.

    That said, the A1428 edition of the iPhone 5 that Apple will start hawking on April 12th (in lockstep with T-Mobile's launch date) will arrive unlocked out of the box. By default, Apple will sell these at full MSRP in a "SIM-in unlocked fashion," as confirmed to us by an Apple representative here at T-Mobile's event in New York City. Of course, those wishing to pay T-Mob's advertised $99.99 up front price will also be able to do so right at an Apple store, but eager jetsetters that are simply looking for a frictionless way to purchase an unlocked iPhone 5 that works on both AT&T and T-Mobile's LTE bands have but a few weeks to wait.

    Oh, and yes, we confirmed with Apple that the new A1428 will indeed support AT&T's LTE network. In other words, your T-Mobile iPhone 5 will run uninhibited on AT&T's LTE network if it's unlocked. To boot, Apple is quickly phasing out the existing A1428 hardware, and will soon replace all of them with the new, AWS-enabled model. In theory, that would mean that iPhones purchased through AT&T (after April 12th) would also ship with the appropriate firmware to let AWS support run free, but of course, then you're up against AT&T's far less friendly unlocking policy. For US users anxious to snag a truly unlocked iPhone 5 that'll hum along on pretty much every LTE band in the developed world, Apple informed us that its 24-hour locations will begin selling these promptly at 12:01AM on 4/12. For those who order from Apple's online site, you'll need to phone up T-Mobile to have the unlock applied.

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    World Water Crisis Could Lead to Big Investing Opportunity ...

    When you turn on the faucet of your kitchen sink or bathroom shower, it's easy to forget that behind the water is a really big business. From finding a clean source, to purifying it, and getting it into your home, there are plenty of ways to profit from good old H2O. And the demand for safe, clean water in every corner of the world has never been higher.

    We were reminded of its importance last week with the United Nation's 20th annual World Water Day. Connecticut Water Services (CTWS) marked the occasion by ringing the closing bell at the Nasdaq marketsite. Their CEO, Eric Thornburg notes that World Water Day "commemorates the impact that water has on the lives of people all over the world. And of course in the U.S. we?re very proud of that impact, because people can take a drink of water and not have a second thought about its safety or freshness. But in other parts of the world you can?t do that. There are over a billion people around the globe that do not have access to safe drinking water."

    But from that global crisis flows opportunity. Investors are catching on to the value of water and many believe it could be the next great commodity to invest in.

    The S&P Global Water Index (CGW) outperformed the benchmark S&P 500 index last year rising 21% against the S&P's 16% gain. PowerShares Water Resources fund (PHO), the largest ETF in the sector, saw a 23% jump in 2012 as well, and Thornburg's Connecticut Water Services, despite facing some near-term price pressure, is up 20% in the last five years.

    "I think the real investment opportunity is in the infrastructure and the systems that treat and protect this resource," Thornburg says. "Purifying the water and pumping it and storing it and having it available when it's needed, that's really our business."

    One of the biggest challenges to the business is that aging water infrastructure. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, our country loses 1.7 trillion gallons of water annually due to leaks and water main breaks. That's enough to supply the ten largest cities in the U.S. for a year.

    "Unfortunately there's a lot of backlog to catch up on because for many years people weren't replacing pipe on a systematic basis," Thornburg says."We replace one percent of our underground assets every year and then we apply a surcharge to customers bills to recover that capital."

    Once Connecticut Water recovers that capital, shareholders reap the benefits in the form of a dividend yielding 3.3%. But money isn't the only perk of staying on top of repairs. Thornburg points out that his company's pipe replacement plan alone creates 160 high-paying, highly skilled jobs.

    Still, new jobs means more spending for Thornburg and he isn't looking to Washington for help.

    "We have chosen not to take advantage of federal funding," he says. "We?ve sought access to private capital because it is so much more efficient to attract it and deploy it and it doesn?t have nearly the load of regulatory requirements. I would really like to see our government leaders solve that because capital is really needed by the municipalities and towns who own their own water systems and that would help them to solve their problems."

    Another one of those problems is demand. As the world population grows and water sources shrink, Thornburg's industry is increasingly concerned about keeping up. "Customers are going to have to be willing to pay a bit more," he admits, "and we?re going to have to be good stewards of this so that future generations don?t have to invest far more than they should."

    Is there a company you would like to see us profile? Let us know in the comments below or on our Facebook page.


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    Saturday, March 23, 2013

    HTC One Gets April Ship Date for U.S.

    HTC One Gets April Ship Date for U.S.
    The HTC One finally has a release window -- no, not a firm release date, but a window. And that window, in the United States, is sometime in April.


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    Women pay the price for avoiding financial risk

    Women need to "lean in" financially as well as professionally to overcome an inclination to avoid risk, according to a new report that shows men have more money invested in taxable securities, as well as their 401(k)s, IRAs and savings accounts.

    The only accounts where women have higher average balances, the report said, are in relatively low-risk money market funds.

    Women's reluctance to take risks and the potential shortfall they face in retirement have been a growing concern among policymakers and women's advocates. An opinion survey from Prudential insurance company last year found that while about 70 percent of men are willing to take financial risks, fewer than half of women were.

    (Read More: More Women Are Breadwinners, But It's Complicated)

    But the new report, released by the online rewards program for savings and debt-management, is based on actual account balances entered by 20,000 site users in the past month and provides a remarkably clear and up-to-date snapshot of men's and women's financial habits.

    The figures are stark and startling. The average man with a savings account had a balance of nearly twice as much as the average woman, and is taking an even greater advantage of high-yield tax-deferred instruments: Men's average IRA balance was 72 percent more than the average woman's, and they have 30 percent more in taxable investments.

    (Read More: No Longer a Niche Market, Firms Target Female Investors)

    "Insufficient market exposure is going to cause a compounding gap over time," said Priya Haji, CEO and co-founder of SaveUp, who follows Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg's book in advising women to "lean in" on their professional life.

    The one category in which women outdo men is staying out of debt, with the average American woman owing $34,645, versus the average man's $42,842. A large part of the American male's debt load, the study suggests, goes toward his car. Men carry 32.3 percent more in car-loan debt than women. Women also lead men in student loans, a promising sign that women are investing more in their futures.

    (Read More:Nature or Nurture? Why Women Don't Save for Retirement)

    But while it's a good thing that women are less encumbered, Haji said, their unwillingness to take on debt is just more of an indicator of a timidity that manifests itself in many of life's pursuits. "I'm not saying there aren't women who drive racecars or skydive. There are," she said. "But it's broader than just money. This is an aspect of our nature."

    Women need to make a concerted effort to overcome this natural tendency by dedicating some portion of their income to investing in the market, and to seek out financial help from professional advisers.

    The disparity in the sexes' respective accounts may also come from differences that are less innate. In short, women are not paid as much as men. Better investing and more education alone, Haji said, "won't offset lower salaries. The compounded effect of not negotiating for higher salaries, and regular increases over a career, is also feeding into the savings differential."

    (Read More: Is Women's 'Retirement Gap' Really a Pay Gap?)

    Women's aggregate pay is complicated, too, by childbearing and child care, which can take women out of corporate jobs during a time when their male counterparts are contributing steadily to employer-sponsored retirement accounts. (It's not clear from the SaveUp numbers how many female users included in the study are married, and therefore have some access to the higher average balances owned by men.)

    "Leaning in," succeeding at work at home also be a drain on funds that women might otherwise invest. A recent survey sponsored by Working Mother magazine and the Chase Slate card showed that while working mothers look forward to a raise in 2013, they are more likely to use the extra money to take care of immediate financial problems. The survey's respondents said paying off debt was second only to balancing work and family among working moms' concerns.

    "Younger women are not thinking about retirement," said Jennifer Owens, editor-in-chief of Working Mother. "For many of them, paying for child care is a bigger concern at this point."

    ? 2013 CNBC LLC. All Rights Reserved


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    Friday, March 22, 2013

    10 Things to Know for Thursday

    President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu laugh as they participate in a joint news conference, Wednesday, March 20, 2013, at the prime minister's residence in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu laugh as they participate in a joint news conference, Wednesday, March 20, 2013, at the prime minister's residence in Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

    In this 2013 photo provided by Tiger Woods and Lindsey Vonn, golfer Tiger Woods and skier Lindsey Vonn pose for a portrait. Two months after rumors began circulating in Europe, Woods and Vonn posted separate items on their Facebook pages Monday, March 18, 2013, to announce their relationship. (AP Photo/Courtesy Tiger Woods/Lindsey Vonn) MANDATORY CREDIT TO COURTESY TIGER WOODS/LINDSEY VONN

    In this image provided by Bezos Expeditions, workers inspect a thrust chamber of an Apollo F-1 engine recovered from the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean in March 2013. An expedition led by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos pulled up two rocket engines, including this one, that helped boost Apollo astronauts to the moon. Bezos and NASA announced the recovery on Wednesday, March 19, 2013. The sunken engines were part of the Saturn V rocket used to bring astronauts to the moon during the 1960s and 1970s. After liftoff, they fell into the ocean as planned. (AP Photo/Bezos Expeditions)

    Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about Thursday:


    Spending bill that locks in $85B in cuts now goes to the House.


    Obama, visiting Jerusalem, vows he would do "what is necessary" to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.


    A new proposal to avoid a financial meltdown includes some Russian assistance and a smaller tax on people's bank deposits.


    A cyberattack in South Korea paralyzes bank machines and makes TV broadcast computers go blank.


    Pope Francis delights his flock by eschewing armored limos and mingling with bystanders ? but that has his security team saying a few extra prayers.


    Venezuela is riddled with rampant crime, seen by many as the main failing of the late president's government.


    A poll finds that 49 percent of Americans favor same-sex unions, including 14 percent who used to disapprove. Asked why, almost one-third say they now know someone who is gay.


    An Atlantic Ocean expedition led by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos pulls up two mammoth rocket engines ? ones that helped boost Apollo astronauts to the moon.


    He says he decided to spread the word about his romance with Lindsey Vonn as a way to pre-empt coverage by "all those sleazy websites that are out there following us."


    Sixty-four teams. Thirty-two contests. It'll be an exhilarating ? and, yes, exhausting ? two-day mosh pit of NCAA hoops.

    Associated Press


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    Wednesday, March 20, 2013

    Mechanism of novel biological electron transfer revealed

    Mar. 19, 2013 ? When researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by microbiologist Derek Lovley discovered that the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens conducts electricity very effectively along metallic-like "microbial nanowires," they found physicists quite comfortable with the idea of such a novel biological electron transfer mechanism, but not biologists.

    "For biologists, Geobacter's behavior represents a paradigm shift. It goes against all that we are taught about biological electron transfer, which usually involves electrons hopping from one molecule to another," Lovley says. "So it wasn't enough for us to demonstrate that the microbial nanowires are conductive and to show with physics the conduction mechanism, we had to determine the impact of this conductivity on the biology."

    "We have now identified key components that make these hair-like pili we call nanowires conductive and have demonstrated their importance in the biological electron transport. This time we relied more on genetics. I think most biologists are more comfortable with genetics rather than physics," Lovley adds.

    "From my perspective, this is huge. It really clinches a big question. We overturned the major objection the biologists were making and confirmed the assumption in our earlier work, that real metallic-like conductivity is taking place."

    Findings are described in an early online issue of mBio, the open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. In addition to Lovley, the UMass Amherst team includes first author Madeline Vargas, with Nikhil Malvankar, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Ching Leang, Jessica Smith, Pranav Patel, Oona Snoeyenbos-West and Kelly Nevin.

    In 2011, Lovely's group discovered a fundamental, previously unknown property of pili in Geobacter. They found that electrons are transported along the pili via the same metallic-like conductivity found in synthetic organic materials used in electronics. Electrons are conducted over remarkable distances, thousands of times the cell's length. But exactly how the pili accomplished this wasn't clear.

    They knew that the conductivity of synthetic conducting organic materials can be attributed to aromatic ringed structures which share electrons, suspended in a kind of a cloud that allows the overlapping electrons to easily flow. It seemed possible that amino acids, which have similar aromatic rings, might serve the same function in biological protein structures like pili. Lovley's team looked for likely aromatic amino acid targets and then substituted non-aromatic amino acids for the aromatic ones to see if this reduced the conductivity of the pili.

    It worked. The re-engineered pili with non-aromatic compounds substituted for aromatic ones looked perfect and unchanged under a microscope, but now they no longer functioned as wires. "This new strain is really bad at what Geobacter does best," Lovley says. "Geobacter is known for its ability to grow on iron minerals and for generating electric current in microbial fuel cells, but without conductive pili those capabilities are greatly diminished."

    "What we did is equivalent to pulling the copper out of an extension cord," he adds. "The cord looks the same, but it can't conduct electricity anymore."

    The ability of protein filaments to conduct electrons in this way not only has ramifications for scientists' basic understanding of natural microbial processes but practical implications for environmental cleanup and the development of renewable energy sources as well, he adds. Lovley's UMass Amherst lab has already been working with federal agencies and industry to use Geobacter to clean up groundwater contaminated with radioactive metals or petroleum and to power electronic monitoring devices with current generated by Geobacter.

    His group has also recently shown that Geobacter uses its nanowires to feed electrons to other microorganisms that can produce methane gas. This is an important step in the conversion of organic wastes to methane, which can then be burned to produce electricity.

    As more states, including national leader Massachusetts, pass laws to prevent hospitals, universities, hotels and large restaurants from disposing of food waste in landfills, Geobacter's role in producing methane could be part of the solution for how to deal with this waste. The Massachusetts law goes into effect in 2014. "Waste to methane is a well developed green energy strategy in Europe and is almost certain to become more important here in Massachusetts in the near future," Lovley notes.

    Share this story on Facebook, Twitter, and Google:

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    Story Source:

    The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

    Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.

    Journal Reference:

    1. M. Vargas, N. S. Malvankar, P.-L. Tremblay, C. Leang, J. A. Smith, P. Patel, O. Synoeyenbos-West, K. P. Nevin, D. R. Lovley. Aromatic Amino Acids Required for Pili Conductivity and Long-Range Extracellular Electron Transport in Geobacter sulfurreducens. mBio, 2013; 4 (2): e00105-13 DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00105-13

    Note: If no author is given, the source is cited instead.

    Disclaimer: Views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily or its staff.


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    Tuesday, March 19, 2013

    Walgreen buys wholesaler stake, 2Q profit climbs

    Drugstore chain Walgreen Co. is buying an ownership stake in another big company, this time in a deal that could increase its clout when negotiating prices with drugmakers.

    The Deerfield, Ill., company said Tuesday that it is expanding its supply agreement with AmerisourceBergen Corp. through a 10-year deal that gives it and European health and beauty retailer Alliance Boots a minority stake in the pharmaceutical wholesaler. Walgreen has a stake in Alliance Boots.

    The latest announcement came the same day Walgreen said its fiscal second-quarter earnings climbed 11 percent, helped by contributions from Alliance Boots, a business sale gain, and its new contract with Express Scripts Holding Co.

    In the AmerisourceBergen deal, Walgreen and Alliance Boots receive the right to buy up to 7 percent of AmerisourceBergen's shares and warrants to purchase an additional 16 percent. Walgreen's acquisition of a stake in Alliance Boots last year launched an international expansion for an initial investment of nearly $7 billion. The largest U.S. drugstore chain will wind up owning the entire AmerisourceBergen stake if it exercises its option to buy the rest of Alliance Boots in 2015.

    AmerisourceBergen, in return, will supply Walgreen with both branded and generic drugs for its drugstores and mail order and specialty pharmacy businesses. Walgreen runs more than 8,000 stores.

    The companies will be able to promise generic drugmakers a lot of business in return for a better price, said Jeff Jonas, who follows the industry as a portfolio manager with the asset management firm GAMCO Investors. But he said the companies won't have as much leverage when negotiating prices for branded drugs, which are protected by patents and less sensitive to price competition.

    He also said consumers may not see a benefit from any lower prices that come with the extra clout.

    "I really think the companies would keep any savings for themselves," he said.

    Walgreen said it expects modest gains from the deal, but did not offer specifics. AmerisourceBergen expects the deal to add $28 billion in revenue and about 20 cents per share in earnings to its fiscal 2014 performance, not counting costs tied to the agreement.

    In contrast, another pharmaceutical wholesaler, Cardinal Health Inc., will lose one of its largest customers when Walgreen and AmerisourceBergen start their new agreement Sept. 1. Cardinal said Walgreen sales generated about 21 percent of its revenue in fiscal 2012.

    Shares of Walgreen rose 5.4 percent, or $2.31, to close at $44.74 Tuesday, while AmerisourceBergen shares rose 3.6 percent, or $1.76, to $50.06. Meanwhile, Cardinal shares sank 8.2 percent, or $3.78, to $42.35.

    For the fiscal second quarter, Walgreen reported net income of $756 million, or 79 cents per share, in the quarter that ended Feb. 28. That compares to earnings of $683 million, or 78 cents per share, in last year's quarter, when it had fewer shares outstanding.

    Excluding one-time items like acquisition-related costs, adjusted earnings totaled 96 cents per share.

    Revenue came in flat at $18.65 billion.

    Analysts forecast, on average, earnings of 93 cents per share on $18.74 billion in revenue, according to FactSet.

    Alliance Boots contributed $85 million to Walgreen's earnings. The drugstore chain also booked a $20 million gain from an incentive payment related to the 2011 sale of its pharmacy benefit manager, Walgreens Health Initiatives, Inc.

    Walgreen took a hit in last year's quarter from a split with Express Scripts, the nation's largest pharmacy benefits manager. Walgreen fills prescriptions for Express Scripts, but the companies had let a contract between them expire in December 2011, and their new agreement didn't start until last September.

    The split meant many Express Scripts customers migrated to new drugstores for their prescriptions at the start of 2012.

    Walgreen operated 8,072 drugstores as of Feb. 28, or 231 more than it had a year ago. The company moved its earnings report up a week from its scheduled date.

    Associated Press


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    ScienceDaily: Child Development News

    ScienceDaily: Child Development News Read the latest research in child development including how newborns learn to think, how sleep patterns emerge, problems with toddlers and more.en-usMon, 18 Mar 2013 17:43:33 EDTMon, 18 Mar 2013 17:43:33 EDT60ScienceDaily: Child Development News For more science articles, visit ScienceDaily.Depression in kids linked to cardiac risks in teens Teens who were depressed as children are far more likely than their peers to be obese, smoke cigarettes and lead sedentary lives, even if they no longer suffer from depression. The research suggests that depression, even in children, can increase the risk of heart problems later in life.Fri, 15 Mar 2013 20:26:26 EDT rise in antipsychotic treatment of medicaid-insured children More benefit/risk information is needed in community care efforts, says a researcher.Fri, 15 Mar 2013 15:08:08 EDT sons linked to lower contraception use in Nepal While poverty and under-education continue to dampen contraception use in Nepal, exacerbating the country?s efforts to reduce maternal and child mortality rates, researchers say another, more surprising factor may be more intractable: Deeply held cultural preferences for sons over daughters.Thu, 14 Mar 2013 17:57:57 EDT depression: Surprising rate of women depressed after baby A surprisingly high number of women have postpartum depression, reports a new, large-scale study of 10,000 women. A high rate of women had considered harming themselves. The study's screening likely saved several lives. Most postpartum women with depression are not identified or treated even though they are at a higher risk for psychiatric disorders. It's a major public health problem because a woman's mental health affects her child's physical and emotional development.Thu, 14 Mar 2013 12:46:46 EDT early warning system for the brain development of babies Researchers have developed a non-invasive optical measurement system to monitor neonatal brain activity via cerebral metabolism and blood flow.Thu, 14 Mar 2013 11:02:02 EDT research discovers the emergence of Twitter 'tribes' Linguists have found evidence of how people form into tribe-like communities on social network sites such as Twitter.Thu, 14 Mar 2013 08:50:50 EDT attention-boosting drugs for healthy kids, doctors urge The practice of prescribing drugs to boost cognitive function, or memory and thinking abilities, in healthy children and teens is misguided, according to a new statement by the American Academy of Neurology.Wed, 13 Mar 2013 18:20:20 EDT treatment corrects autism symptoms in mouse model Autism results from abnormal cell communication. Testing a new theory, researchers have used a newly discovered function of an old drug to restore cell communications in a mouse model of autism, reversing symptoms of the devastating disorder.Wed, 13 Mar 2013 18:20:20 EDT find age-related changes in how autism affects the brain Autism spectrum disorders affect the brain activity of children and adults differently, according to new research.Wed, 13 Mar 2013 12:35:35 EDT can enhance performance, academics find The stick can work just as well as the carrot in improving our performance, a team of academics has found.Wed, 13 Mar 2013 12:33:33 EDT loss in schizophrenia and depression could be prevented, study suggests Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) deficits have been implicated in schizophrenia and depression. In schizophrenia, deficits have been particularly well-described for a subtype of GABA neuron, the parvalbumin fast-spiking interneurons. The activity of these neurons is critical for proper cognitive and emotional functioning. It now appears that parvalbumin neurons are particularly vulnerable to oxidative stress, a factor that may emerge commonly in development, particularly in the context of psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, where compromised mitochondrial function plays a role.Wed, 13 Mar 2013 09:55:55 EDT children may be at greater risk of suicide ideation and attempts Children with an autism spectrum disorder may be at greater risk for contemplating suicide or attempting suicide than children without autism, according to researchers.Tue, 12 Mar 2013 15:20:20 EDT'I don't want to pick!' Preschoolers know when they aren't sure Children as young as 3 years old know when they are not sure about a decision, and can use that uncertainty to guide decision making, according to new research.Tue, 12 Mar 2013 15:20:20 EDT exposed to millions of tobacco images/messages every week on prime time UK TV UK children are being exposed to millions of tobacco images/messages every week on prime time television, indicates new research.Mon, 11 Mar 2013 20:11:11 EDT who avoid scary situations likelier to have anxiety Children who avoid situations they find scary are likely to have anxiety a study of more than 800 children ages 7 to 18 found.Mon, 11 Mar 2013 20:10:10 EDT's sensitivity helps language development in children with hearing loss Psychologists demonstrate the impact sensitive parenting has on language growth for children who receive cochlear implants.Fri, 08 Mar 2013 10:34:34 EST human brain cells to make mice smarter What happens when human brain cells that surround and support neurons are implanted into the brains of newborn mice? Researchers recently found that such mice had enhanced learning and memory when compared with normal mice that hadn't received the transplanted human cells. The findings indicate that these supportive cells, called glia, play an important role in human cognition.Thu, 07 Mar 2013 12:39:39 EST food is scarce, a smaller brain will do A new study explains how young brains are protected when nutrition is poor. The findings reveal a coping strategy for producing a fully functional, if smaller, brain. The discovery, which was made in larval flies, shows the brain as an incredibly adaptable organ and may have implications for understanding the developing human brain as well, the researchers say.Thu, 07 Mar 2013 12:39:39 EST shields children from stress, research indicates Exercise may play a key role in helping children cope with stressful situations, according to a recent study.Thu, 07 Mar 2013 09:15:15 EST of a single molecular switch makes an old mouse brain young The flip of a single molecular switch helps create the mature neuronal connections that allow the brain to bridge the gap between adolescent impressionability and adult stability. Now researchers have reversed the process, recreating a youthful brain that facilitated both learning and healing in the adult mouse.Wed, 06 Mar 2013 13:42:42 EST the 'Cocktail Party Problem': How we can focus on one speaker in noisy crowds In the din of a crowded room, paying attention to just one speaker's voice can be challenging. Research demonstrates how the brain homes in on one speaker to solve this "Cocktail Party Problem." Researchers discovered that brain waves are shaped so the brain can selectively track the sound patterns from the speaker of interest while excluding competing sounds from other speakers. The findings could have important implications for helping individuals with a range of deficits.Wed, 06 Mar 2013 13:42:42 EST intervention improves mood symptoms in children and adolescents at risk for bipolar disorder Psychologists have found that children and adolescents with major depression or subthreshold forms of bipolar disorder - and who had at least one first-degree relative with bipolar disorder - responded better to a 12-session family-focused treatment than to a briefer educational treatment.Wed, 06 Mar 2013 08:41:41 EST in reading foreign languages Recent research into how we learn is set to help people in their efforts to read a second or foreign language (SFL) more effectively. This will be good news for those struggling to develop linguistic skills in preparation for a move abroad, or to help in understanding foreign language forms, reports, contracts and instructions.Wed, 06 Mar 2013 08:39:39 EST target to better treat, cure anxiety disorders Researchers have, for the first time, identified a specific group of cells in the brainstem whose activation during rapid eye movement sleep is critical for the regulation of emotional memory processing.Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:46:46 EST picture of others can be seen using fMRI, finds new study It is possible to tell who a person is thinking about by analyzing images of his or her brain. Our mental models of people produce unique patterns of brain activation, which can be detected using advanced imaging techniques according to a new study.Tue, 05 Mar 2013 09:10:10 EST of divorced parents more likely to switch, pull away from religions Adults whose parents were divorced are more likely to switch religions or disassociate themselves from institutional religions altogether -- but growing up in a single-parent family does not have any effect on private religious life, including praying, according to a new study.Tue, 05 Mar 2013 09:09:09 EST hormone foreshadows postpartum depression in new mothers Women who receive strong social support from their families during pregnancy appear to be protected from sharp increases in a particular stress hormone, making them less likely to develop postpartum depression, according to a new study.Mon, 04 Mar 2013 16:16:16 EST's placenta reflects her exposure to stress and impacts offsprings' brains The mammalian placenta is more than just a filter through which nutrition and oxygen are passed from a mother to her unborn child. According to a new study, if a mother is exposed to stress during pregnancy, her placenta translates that experience to her fetus by altering levels of a protein that affects the developing brains of male and female offspring differently.Mon, 04 Mar 2013 15:18:18 EST baby still breathing? Is mom's obsession normal? A new mother may constantly worry and check to see if her baby is breathing. Or she may obsess about germs. A new study found postpartum moms have a much higher rate of obsessive-compulsive symptoms than the general population. This is the first large-scale study of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in new moms. The symptoms could result from hormonal changes or be adaptive, but may indicate a psychological disorder if they interfere with a mother's functioning.Mon, 04 Mar 2013 15:18:18 EST emerges in children on the autism spectrum with severe language delay at greater rate than previously thought Study could reveals key predictors of speech gains. New findings reveal that 70 percent of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have a history of severe language delay, achieved phrase or fluent speech by age eight.Mon, 04 Mar 2013 10:49:49 EST takes a toll well into adulthood The first large, population-based study to follow children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder into adulthood shows that ADHD often doesn?t go away and that children with ADHD are more likely to have other psychiatric disorders as adults. They also appear more likely to commit suicide and to be incarcerated as adults.Mon, 04 Mar 2013 10:47:47 EST during pregnancy and stress in puberty play key role in development of schizophrenia The interplay between an infection during pregnancy and stress in puberty plays a key role in the development of schizophrenia, as behaviorists demonstrate in a mouse model. However, there is no need to panic.Fri, 01 Mar 2013 12:25:25 EST children more exposed to alcohol promotion than adults, experts warn Children in Britain are more exposed to alcohol promotion than adults and need much stronger protection, warn experts.Thu, 28 Feb 2013 19:46:46 EST video games boost reading skills, study of children with dyslexia suggests Much to the chagrin of parents who think their kids should spend less time playing video games and more time studying, time spent playing action video games can actually make dyslexic children read better, new research suggests. In fact, 12 hours of video game play did more for reading skills than is normally achieved with a year of spontaneous reading development or demanding traditional reading treatments.Thu, 28 Feb 2013 12:41:41 EST personal relationships could help teens overcome learning disabilities A new study from Israel says that children with learning disabilities develop less secure attachments with mothers and teachers, and that closer and more secure relationships with parents and adults may help them overcome these disabilities.Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:34:34 EST junk food while pregnant may make your child a junk food addict A healthy diet during pregnancy is critical to the future health of your children. New research suggests that pregnant mothers who consume junk food cause developmental changes of the opioid signaling pathway in the brains of their unborn children. Consequently, these children are less sensitive to opioids released upon consumption of foods high in fat and sugar, and need to eat more to achieve a "feel good" response.Thu, 28 Feb 2013 10:34:34 EST with autism show increased positive social behaviors when animals are present The presence of an animal can significantly increase positive social behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders, according to new research.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 18:35:35 EST epics were written in 762 BCE, give or take, new study suggests One of literature's oldest mysteries is a step closer to being solved. A new study dates Homer's The Iliad to 762 BCE and adds a quantitative means of testing ideas about history by analyzing the evolution of language.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 18:33:33 EST children for their personal qualities may backfire Praising children, especially those with low self-esteem, for their personal qualities rather than their efforts may make them feel more ashamed when they fail, according to new research.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 18:33:33 EST grade math skills set foundation for later math ability Children who failed to acquire a basic math skill in first grade scored far behind their peers by seventh grade on a test of the mathematical abilities needed to function in adult life, according to researchers.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 15:13:13 EST explores factors that impact adolescent mental health Research indicates that half of all lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14, well before adulthood. Three new studies investigate the cognitive, genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to mental health disorders in adolescence.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 15:12:12 EST Develop digital games to improve brain function and well-being Neuroscientists should help to develop compelling digital games that boost brain function and improve well-being, say two professors specializing in the field.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:43:43 EST connects early childhood with pain, depression in adulthood New research examines how childhood socioeconomic disadvantages and maternal depression increase the risk of major depression and chronic pain when they become adults.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 12:19:19 EST studies link gene to selfish behavior in kids, find other children natural givers Most parents would agree that raising a generous child is an admirable goal -- but how, exactly, is that accomplished? New results shed light on how generosity and related behaviors -- such as kindness, caring and empathy -- develop, or don't develop, in children from 2 years old through adolescence.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 10:29:29 EST'Network' analysis of brain may explain features of autism A look at how the brain processes information finds distinct pattern in autistic children. Using EEGs to track the brain's electrical cross-talk, researchers found structural difference in brain connections. Compared with neurotypical children, those with autism have multiple redundant connections between neighboring brain areas at expense of long-distance links. The study, using "network analysis" like with airlines or electrical grids, may help in understanding some classic autistic behaviors.Wed, 27 Feb 2013 10:20:20 EST risk of sleep disorder narcolepsy in children who received swine flu vaccine A study finds an increased risk of narcolepsy in children and adolescents who received the A/H1N1 2009 influenza vaccine (Pandemrix) during the pandemic in England.Tue, 26 Feb 2013 19:40:40 EST reinforces learning: Children?s brains transform subconsciously learned material into active knowledge During sleep, our brains store what we have learned during the day a process even more effective in children than in adults, new research shows.Tue, 26 Feb 2013 08:11:11 EST levels of several toxic metals found in children with autism Researchers have found significantly higher levels of toxic metals in children with autism, compared to typical children. They hypothesize that reducing early exposure to toxic metals may help lessen symptoms of autism, though they say this hypotheses needs further examination.Mon, 25 Feb 2013 16:22:22 EST good is good for you: Volunteer adolescents enjoy healthier hearts Giving back through volunteering is good for your heart, even at a young age, according to researchers.Mon, 25 Feb 2013 16:22:22 EST a voice to kids with Down syndrome A new case study shows children with Down syndrome can benefit from conventional stuttering treatment.Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:20:20 EST reveals autism risk at birth, study finds Low-birth-weight babies with a particular brain abnormality are at greater risk for autism, according to a new study that could provide doctors a signpost for early detection of the still poorly understood disorder.Mon, 25 Feb 2013 11:25:25 EST talking about their own drug use to children could be detrimental Parents know that one day they will have to talk to their children about drug use. The hardest part is to decide whether or not talking about ones own drug use will be useful in communicating an antidrug message. Recent research found that children whose parents did not disclose drug use, but delivered a strong antidrug message, were more likely to exhibit antidrug attitudes.Fri, 22 Feb 2013 08:31:31 EST make older adults less forgetful in memory tests Scientists have found compelling evidence that older adults can eliminate forgetfulness and perform as well as younger adults on memory tests. The cognitive boost comes from a surprising source -- a distraction learning strategy.Thu, 21 Feb 2013 14:39:39 EST human language could have evolved from birdsong: Researchers propose new theory on deep roots of human speech The sounds uttered by birds offer in several respects the nearest analogy to language," Charles Darwin wrote in "The Descent of Man" (1871), while contemplating how humans learned to speak. Language, he speculated, might have had its origins in singing, which "might have given rise to words expressive of various complex emotions." Linguistics and biology now researchers propose a new theory on the deep roots of human speech.Thu, 21 Feb 2013 14:16:16 EST life stress may take early toll on heart function Early life stress like that experienced by ill newborns appears to take an early toll of the heart, affecting its ability to relax and refill with oxygen-rich blood, researchers report.Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:43:43 EST pathway linked to fetal alcohol risk: Molecular switch promises new targets for diagnosis and therapy Scientists have identified a molecular signaling pathway that plays an important role in the development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.Wed, 20 Feb 2013 17:07:07 EST children can suffer lasting psychological harm as adults Bullied children grow into adults who are at increased risk of developing anxiety disorders, depression and suicidal thoughts, according to a new study.Wed, 20 Feb 2013 16:36:36 EST with brain lesions able to use gestures important to language learning Children with brain lesions suffered before or around the time of birth are able to use gestures -- an important aspect of the language learning process -- to convey simple sentences.Wed, 20 Feb 2013 12:34:34 EST movement to 'dry run' mental imagery enhances performance Adding movement to mental rehearsal can improve performance finds a new study. For high jumpers the study shows that dynamic imagery improves the number of successful attempts and the technical performance of jumps The technique of mental rehearsal is used to consolidate performance in many disciplines including music and sport. Motor imagery and physical practice use overlapping neural networks in the brain and the two together can improve performance as well as promoting recovery from injury.Tue, 19 Feb 2013 20:15:15 EST marker of dyslexia discovered: Ability to consistently encode sound undergirds the reading process Researchers believe they have discovered a biological marker of dyslexia, a disorder affecting up to one out of 10 children that makes learning to read difficult. The researchers found a systematic relationship between reading ability and the consistency with which the brain encodes sounds. The good news: Response consistency can be improved with auditory training.Tue, 19 Feb 2013 17:21:21 EST


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